Bibliography thesis: the 3 most used methods compared

Have you updated the bibliography of your graduation thesis as the work took shape? Have you integrated each book mentioned, each article consulted, each site visited, without ever losing a beat? Very good, the thesis fairy would be proud of you!

For the last-minute bibliographers, for the desperate thesis students who will have to hand over everything by tomorrow at 9:00, and are writing the bibliography today at 03:00, here is a quick summary of the 3 most used methods to write the dreaded bibliography.

  • Bibliography with classical method
  • Author’s surname
  • Initial of the bulleted name
  • Comma
  • Title in italics (if a subtitle is present, separate it with a dot from the title)
  • Comma
  • City of publication
  • Comma
  • Publishing house
  • Comma
  • Year of publication
  • Comma
  • Total number of pages
  • Point

The bibliographic references should be placed in alphabetical order basedon the authors’ surname (this is why, unlike the citations in the footnote, we do not write F. Saraceno MA Saraceno F.)

To cite more books by the same author in the bibliography, just insert the first book as above and replace the name of the author with a dash in the following by going to the top.

Collotti E., Nazi Germany, Turin, Einaudi, 1962.

– Fascism, fascisms, Florence, Sansoni, 1989.

If you need more information on how to cite particular cases, insert websites, cite articles, etc. with this bibliographic method, read HERE.

Vancouver Style

This method is considered the most suitable for biomedical literature, for scientific publications in the medical and nursing fields.

In the Vancouver style the works in the bibliography must be numbered in a progressive manner according to the order in which they are cited in the text.

The bibliographic citation never appears in the text, but only in the bibliography placed at the end of your degree thesis.

  • Surname in full
  • Initial of the name
  • Point
  • Full text title (with the same character, not underlined, not in italics, not in bold)
  • Point
  • Edition (only if later than the first)
  • City of publication
  • Two points
  • Publishing house
  • Semicolon
  • Year of publication
  • Point

If you need more information on this bibliographic style, consult HERE for more information.

Harvard Style

Also called Harvard System, this bibliographic method is used above all for economic, sociological and humanistic publications.

LAST NAME IN CAPS

  • Initial of the name
  • Point
  • (Year of publication in brackets)
  • Dash
  • Title in italics
  • Comma
  • Publishing house
  • Comma
  • City of publication
  • Comma
  • Total number of pages
  • Point

If the authors are more than one, they must be indicated following the alphabetical order and separated by the &. However, this rule only applies to up to three authors.

Example: BIANCHI G. & ROSSI A. (2017) – How to grow plants ?, Nursery publisher, Milan, 150 pp.

If there are more than three authors, you must indicate only the first one (which will also be the first in alphabetical order) and then write “et al”:

Example: BIANCHI G. et al (2017) – How to cultivate plants ?, Nursery publisher, Milan, 150 pp.

For other indications we advise you to read this in-depth study.

All the methods we have shown are commonly accepted. However, we recommend that you first consult your supervisor to see which one is preferable for your thesis. He will probably suggest you how to move!